LGA Salt Summit Presentation Archive

Demonstration of a live edge plow for attendees of the annual salt summit

Salt Summit Years

2022 - 7th Salt Summit

For nearly a decade, the Lake George Association, the preeminent protector of The Queen of
American Lakes, has combined community partnerships, technological innovation and direct
investment to create a model for road salt protection that can be applied in communities
worldwide to protect our waterbodies and drinking water wells, as well as the wallets of the
taxpayers, businesses and organizations that buy it.

On Thursday, Oct. 13, 2022, we were proud to share our road map to road salt reduction
success, and bring together leading winter management experts, scientists, municipalities and
the private sector in a collaborative effort to further these efforts, at our 7 th Annual Adirondack
Champlain Regional Salt Summit at the beautiful Fort William Henry Hotel on Lake George

We are pleased to present recordings and slides of the Summit presentations below

Jefferson Project Update

Dr. Jonathan Borrelli of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute provides an overview of the chloride-related research on Lake George by The Jefferson Project collaboration between RPI, IBM Research and the LGA.

2022 Salt Summit: Jefferson Project Update (Jonathon Borrelli)

Impacts of Salt Storage in the Lake George Watershed

Brea Arvidson, manager of water quality research for the LGA, presents a look at the science related to salt storage.

2022 Salt Summit: Impacts of Salt Storage in the Lake George Watershed (Brea Arvidson)

The Art of Water Quality

Dr. Michale Glennon of Paul Smith’s College provides an innovative look at her innovative work depicting water quality data through knitting and crochet.

2022 Salt Summit: The Art of Water Quality (Michale Glennon)

The Evolution & Economics of the Lake George Road Salt Reduction Initiative

LGA President Eric Siy explains why road salt reduction is a “win-win-win” for the Lake George region and a model for salt-reduction efforts worldwide.

2022 Salt Summit: The Evolution & Economics of the LG Road Salt Reduction Initiative (Eric Siy)

Update on the Lake George Road Salt Reduction Initiative

This engaging and inspiring panel discussion looks at the road salt reduction success stories being written in five municipalities and one of the Lake George region’s leading hospitality businesses.

2022 Salt Summit: Update on the LG Road Salt Reduction Initiative (Phill Sexton & Panel)

Clean Water, Safe Roads Partnership

Sawyer Cressup, executive director of Adirondack Action, talks about the successful efforts to reduce road salt use along 125-mile-long Lake Champlain.

2022 Salt Summit: Clean Water, Safe Roads Partnership (Sawyer Cresap)

Sponsor Presentations

The LGA’s Salt Summit would not be possible without the generous support of our sponsors. In these brief presentations, you’ll learn how Deicing Depot, Metal Pless, and Innovative Surface Solutions are making road salt reduction possible for municipalities and businesses.

2022 Salt Summit: Sponsor Presentations (James Hignight, Steve Sepaniak, Joe Cashin)

Live Demonstrations

Join us outside the meeting room to see some of the latest salt-reduction technologies in action.

2022 Salt Summit - Live Demonstrations

Keynote Address: Strengthening Clean Water Laws

Just days before the 50th anniversary of the Clean Water Act, Marc Yaggi, CEO of the international Waterkeeper Alliance and one of the world’s foremost authorities on clean water, provides an insightful look at why global and local water clean laws need strengthening.

2022 Salt Summit: Keynote Address: Strengthening Clean Water Laws (Marc Yaggi)

Road Salt Issues & Concerns Facing the Adirondack Park

With thousands of miles of roads to maintain – and waterbodies to protect -- across the wintry
Adirondack Park, the challenges are great. In this informative panel discussion, you’ll hear from noted environmental attorney and Park advocate Bob Kafin; Hamilton County DPW Superintendent Tracy Eldridge; Adirondack Council Clean Water Program Coordinator Dave Miller; and Phill Sexton, founder and managing director of WIT advisors.

2022 Salt Summit: Road Salt Issues & Concerns Facing the Adirondack Park (Panel)

New York State Clear Roads Project

Joe Thompson, senior transportation analyst for the New York State Department of Transportation provides a look at the Clear Roads Project, which uses GIS to highlight highway segments sensitive to deicing materials.

2022 Salt Summit: New York State Clear Roads Project (Joe Thompson)

Closing Comments

Lake George Waterkeeper Chris Navitsky of the LGA, coordinator of all seven Salt Summits, wraps up the day with a recap of what we learned.

Closing Discussion & Evaluation (Chris Navitsky)

2021 - 6th Annual Salt Summit

The 6th Annual Adirondack Champlain Regional Salt Summit was held on Thursday, October 14, 2021 at the Fort William Henry Hotel & Conference Center in Lake George Village.


Kathy Flacke Muncil, CEO of the Fort William Henry Corp. and Chair of the LGA’s Council of Business Advisors opened the Summit with a call for the entire community to “hold hands together” to protect Lake George for generations to come. Rachel Seeber, Chair of the Warren County Board of Supervisors, welcomed attendees to the Summit and praised local municipalities’ success in reducing road salt use and saving taxpayers’ money.

Update on Environmental Monitoring Program 

Jim Sutherland, Ph.D., longtime science consultant to the LGA, provided an overview of the water quality sampling program he and Lake George Waterkeeper Chris Navitsky have implemented to continuously monitor the impacts the New York State Department of Transportation’s Rt. 9N pilot salt-reduction program is having on nearby tributaries.

Salt in the Streams: Chloride in Lake George Tributaries

Joel Harrison, Ph.D., a research scientist at RPI’s Darrin Fresh Water Institute and member of The Jefferson Project scientific team, reported on a monitoring program at 11 Lake George tributaries. Among the findings: Hague Brook had the most statistically significant declining trend in chloride concentrations of the tributaries, with an average 4% per year reduction between 2016 and 2020. The LGA finds this particularly noteworthy given that the Town of Hague Highway Department has led the way in salt reduction in the watershed during that time. Dr. Harrison also reported that the highest chloride concentrations are found in those tributaries that are near the greatest amount of impervious surface (roads, parking lots, etc.), and that concentrations are higher during dry conditions (such as in late summer), when most of the stream flow is fed by groundwater; this suggests that the groundwater has become enriched in chloride.

Lake George Road Salt Reduction Initiative Update

The Lake George Road Salt Reduction Initiative success story was presented by Tim Fiallo of the Town of Hague Highway Department, Town of Lake George Highway Superintendent Rob Lanfear and Town Winter Management Specialist Rob Vopleus, along with Raqib Omer, founder and CEO of Viaesys, a key technology provider to the Initiative. Tim Fiallo spoke with pride and passion about Hague’s success in reducing road salt use from 1,600 tons per year during the winter of 2016-17 to 550 tons last year by pre-treating roads with brine to minimize ice build-up, and by using live-edge plows for a “closer shave.” Now, he said, “We’re ready to take it to the next level.” The Town of Lake George contingent spoke with equal enthusiasm about their achievements and commitment to continuous improvement for the betterment of the Lake and taxpayers’ wallets, echoing Rob Vopleu’s mantra of, “Our sweat is your equity.”

Road to the Salt Summit

Rob Fitch, Director of the Office of Transportation Management for the New York State Department of Transportation, and Josh Rousseau, Deputy Chief of Staff at NYSDOT, provided an overview of salt-reduction pilot projects the state is conducting in the Lake George and Lake Placid regions.

Leading Edge Sponsors Presentations

In this session, our Leading Edge sponsors were given an opportunity to introduce their products and services to Summit attendees. Representing Voigt-Smith Innovation was Tim Slocum, president of T. Slocum, Inc., the New England dealer for Voigt-Smith. Representing Innovative Surface Solutions was Regional Sales Manager Joe Cashin.

More Leading Edge Sponsors Presentations (2/3)

More Leading Edge Sponsors Presentations (3/3)

Salt Summit Remarks

New York State Sen. Dan Stec spoke about the importance of road salt reduction, particularly as it relates to safeguarding private drinking water wells. Nothing the cost in dollars, as well as environmental harm, the Senator said, “It breaks your heart, driving down the Northway, to see road salt bouncing” off the pavement and onto the side of the road where it rolls into streams or infiltrates groundwater.

Keynote: Changing the Culture of Salt

Ted Diers, a nationally recognized road salt reduction expert with the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services, said road salt use is “inherently a people problem,” with many having unrealistic expectations for how well snow and ice must be removed from roads and walkways. “When did it become OK for a sidewalk to crunch,” he asked. “Why do we have so much stinking salt going down on sidewalks and our parking lots?”

Ted’s presentation focused on New Hampshire’s first-in-the-nation law that assumes people take inherent risks when traveling by car or foot during the winter, and provides limited protections to winter management contractors who become certified through a state program, much like protections that are awarded to ski centers in the event of a skiing accident. He also had high praise for the commitment demonstrated by all of the Lake George Road Salt Reduction Initiative’s public- and private-sector participants. “I believe you are truly unique in the way you have joined together around a single resource that everyone loves. I don’t know of any other place on the planet where it’s happening just like this.”

Panel: Release of Liability: A Concern?

A limited liability panel discussion followed the keynote, with Ted Diers; Vinnie Crocitto, owner of the Holiday Inn Resort-Lake George; and Jeremie MacEwan of MacEwan Land Care in Bolton Landing.

The Salt Mitigation Task Force 2021

The University of Vermont Salt Reduction Task Force detailed the toll road salt is taking on the buildings, infrastructure and streams on its 600-acre campus, and the changes they are making in the way they manage winter storms.

Clean Water, Safe Roads Partnership

Brittany Christenson, executive director of ADK Action, provided a preview of its new “Clean Water, Safe Roads Partnership,” which had its roots in a pledge to reduce road salt signed by municipalities throughout the Adirondack Park, much like the start of the Lake George Road Salt Reduction Initiative.

Summit Closing Remarks

Lake George Waterkeeper and Summit organizer Chris Navitsky wraps up the Summit by recapping the key lessons learned.

2021 Salt Summit: #15 - Closing Discussion, Evaluation (Chris Navitsky)

2019 - 5th Annual Salt Summit

Expanding Application of the Model and Adapting to Changes with the Weather

The Adirondack Champlain Regional Salt Summit was held on Thursday, October 3, 2019 at the Golden Arrow Lakeside Resort in Lake Placid, New York. Presentations are below.

Setting the Stage for Today

Brendan Wiltse, PhD, Ausable River Association


Setting the Stage for Today

Dan StecNYS Assembly, District 114

Eric SiyThe FUND for Lake George

Raqib OmerViaesys

Rob VopleusTown of Lake George Highway Dept.

Matt CoffinTown of Hague Highway Dept.

Steve JohnsonWarren County DPW


Lunch Keynote

Frank LombardoPresident/CEO, WeatherWorks


Adirondack Park-Wide Pilot and Pledge Recognition

Billy JonesNYS Assembly, District 115

Brittany ChristensonAdkAction


2018 - 4th Annual Salt Summit

The Business of Reducing the Use of Road Salt

The 4th Annual Salt Summit was hosted in Lake George on October 3, 2018. Presentations are below.

Mirror Lake Study

Brendan Wiltse, PhD, Ausable River Association


Effects of Road Salt on Surface and Ground Water in the Adirondack Park

Dan Kelting, PhDAdirondack Watershed Institute


Impacts from Alternative Salt Products

Rick Relyea, PhDThe Jefferson Project on Lake George


Economics of Best Practice Implementation

Laura FayMontana State University


The FUND for Lake George Salt Reduction Initiative

Eric SiyThe FUND for Lake George


Update on Lake George Salt Initiative – Year 2 Results

Raqib OmerViaesys


Summary of Needs Analysis

Phill SextonWIT Advisers


Update on Lake George Equipment Grants

Dave WickLake George Park Commission


Piloting Change – NYSDOT Adirondack Pilot Projects

Rob Fitch, P.E.NYSDOT


2017 - 3rd Annual Salt Summit

Best Practices for Reducing Salt Use — See Leading Edge Technology and New Equipment in Action!

The 3rd Annual Salt Summit was hosted in Ticonderoga on October 5th, 2017. Presentations are below.


Chris Navitsky PELake George Waterkeeper

Supervisor Joe GiordanoTown of Ticonderoga

Supervisor Joe Giordano, Town of Ticonderoga

Summit Introduction

Best Practices Agreement: The Basis for Effective Road Salt Reduction

Eric SiyExecutive Director, The FUND for Lake George


Salt Summit: Eric Siy

Step One: Measure

Trajectories of Salinization and Recovery from Road Salting for Soils and Streams Tributary to Lake George

Jim Sutherland, Ph.D.The FUND for Lake George Council of Science Advisors


Update on Lake George Salt Initiative – Year 1 Results

Raqib OmerCEO, Viaesys


Salt Summit: Jim Sutherland

Salt Summit: Raqib Omer

Step Two: Prevent

Safe, Sustainable, and Cost Effective…The Power of Brine

Pam BuckleySnowEx


Salt Summit: Pam Buckley

Step Three: Optimize

Hold the Salt: A Park-Wide Approach

Brittany ChristensonADKAction.org


Effective Snow Removal

Paul VanderzonMetalPless


Salt Summit: Brittany Christenson

Salt Summit: Paul Vanderzon

Step Four: Improve

Sustainable Winter Management (SWiM) Certification Model

Phill SextonWIT Advisers


Summit Takeaways

Establishing an Adaptable Model: Full Implementation of Best Practices Agreement Basin-Wide

Phill SextonWIT Advisers

Salt Summit: Phill Sexton

Final Remarks

Nate ClemmerCEO, SynaTek

Salt Summit: Nate Clemmer

2016 - 2nd Annual Salt Summit


The Prescription for Reducing Salt Use

Phill Sexton, Chief Knowledge Officer, Snow & Ice Management Association, Inc.


Road Salt in the Lake George Basin – A Long Term Watershed Study & Current Basin-Wide Research 

Jim Sutherland, PhD, NYS DEC (retired)


The Hidden Costs of Road Salt

Brittany Christenson, Executive Director, AdkAction 


Relevant lessons from improved snow and ice management operations resulting in reductions in Massachusetts 

Paul Brown, Snow & Ice Engineer, MassDOT


2015 - Save the Lake Salt Summit

The First Annual Save the Lake Salt Summit was held on September 28, 2015 at the Sagamore Resort. Presentations are below. 

Film Footage of Live Demos

2015 Salt Summit: Live-edge plow demo by Metal Pless

2015 Salt Summit: Salt Brine Equipment Demo


A Brief History of Road Salt: In The Lake George Basin

Jim Sutherland, PhD


Road Salting and Water Quality in the Adirondacks

Dan Kelting, Adirondack Watershed Institute


Salt of the Earth: Transforming the art of snow removal in New Hampshire

Ted Diers, New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services